The Story of Palmerston Villa - An extension is built

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An extension is built

Whether Elizabeth Tipper moved in with her father when her mother or her husband died, or at some other time, we will never know. The extension that was built onto Palmerston Villa dates from about the second or third decade of the nineteenth century, so might well have been built to accommodate Elizabeth and her daughter when they moved in. On the other hand it might simply have been a reflection of the family’s increasing prosperity.

Whatever the reason, the extension was built to replace the existing single storey edifice. The new extension incorporated many features which reflected the great advances in house building which took place in the first quarter of the twentieth century.

panelling_2The invention of the flued chimney meant that chimney breasts and fireplaces could be much smaller. In consequence there was room either side for the fitted cupboards (right) which were incorporated into the wooden panelling around the fireplace. This was probably cast iron as improving technology meant larger and more elaborate pieces could be cast. Coal was rapidly replacing wood as a fuel, and was much better suited to the smaller fireplaces.

The kitchen range, which became the principal cooking appliance in the home for the next century or more, had been invented in the last decade of the eighteenth century. Although the range has long gone, the kitchen still sports the chimney breast which accommodated it.

hingeHalf the inglenook in the sitting room was blocked off so that a flued fireplace could be incorporated into the remaining half. This meant that a fireplace could be knocked into the chimney breast in the bedroom upstairs. Now there were four rooms which could be heated.

Roof construction was now more complex than the simple A frame of earlier centuries. This allowed a much shallower camber, a feature which was characteristic of many Regency buildings such as Hillside. However, to maintain symmetry, the extension roof was constructed with the same camber as the original.

There are many other features which reflect advances in building technology. Bricks were now harder and more weatherproof. Hinges were concealed. However the L hinges (above left) of the older part were not replaced. At some stage a pipe brought water from the well to a pump in the kitchen.

Around the time of the accession of Queen Victoria there was an almost exponential expansion in the number and variety of public records. In 1837 it became a legal requirement to register every birth, death and marriage in the United Kingdom. Although partial censuses had been undertaken since 1801 the first full census was not undertaken until 1841. Following the Tithe Commutation Act

of 1836 a assessment was made of all properties paying tithes. Accompanying the assessments the first accurate maps were drawn up for many parishes, including Great Mongeham. Add to these street directories such as Bagshaw’s and Kelly’s, produced in response to the first penny post and the explosion in personal correspondence which followed it. From this time on our information for Palmerston Villa becomes more extensive and more secure.

Sholden_Bank_Farmhouse_2John Dick died in 1831, leaving the property to his daughter, Elizabeth Tipper. Elizabeth’s daughter, also Elizabeth, married Joseph Paramor in 1849. He was a farmer and carpenter-wheelwright of Sholden Bank Farm. The farmhouse is shown on the right. After the wedding they moved into Palmerston Villa. Meanwhile Elizabeth senior moved into a house on Sholden Bank with Sarah, Joseph’s mother.

A daughter, Mary Anne, was born to Elizabeth and Joseph in 1850 and three days after Christmas in 1852 they had a second daughter, Elizabeth. Tragedy struck less than four years later when Mary died. She was not much more than six years old. They were to have no more children.

At some time between 1837 and 1841 Elizabeth had built Palmerston Terrace onto the end of Yeoman Cottage. By 1860 they had built the pair of semi-detached cottages and named them Palmerston Cottages. Whether Paramor was a admirer of the Tory Prime Minister or whether he used that name for some other reason we will never know. Both terrace and cottages were simple two up two down labourers’ cottages, although the cottages and end of terrace were extended last century.

By 1870 Paramor was no longer a farmer and now the family depended on rents for their income.



Comments  

 
0 #1 J.P. Hollingsworth 2013-01-24 13:17
Interested to read about the Paramors. Can there be any connection made between them and the Paramors who owned a brewery in Margate in 1880s?
Best wishes,
Jean
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0 #2 Jim 2013-01-24 14:22
Not that I am aware of. It would be interesting to try to trace all the strands of the Paramor family. I believe they originated from Huguenot refugees who settled in East Kent in the 17th century. There have been Paramor(e)s in Great Mongeham since the early eighteenth century, not to mention all the other Paramor(e)s in East Kent.
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0 #3 Grant 2013-10-08 04:53
Most interesting to only just discover my Grand Father Archer owned that historical property for just a little while and hence contributed to a tiny part of its history; not a Paramor though(!). But he decided to make a life for himself in Australia after that.
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