Local History Articles

The Henry Fowler Story

 

FowlerBorn in Cullompton, Devon Henry Fowler moved to Kent in his early twenties to join the Kent County Constabulary. He married Ellen, a Kentish girl from Loose, just south of Maidstone. In about 1875 Henry was posted to Great Mongeham where he and his wife took up residence in the cottage vacated by the previous village constable, 2, Palmerston Terrace, now 157 Mongeham Road. Their first son was born on Christmas day in 1878, when Henry was 22 and Ellen just a year younger, . Four years later, also on Christmas day, their first daughter was born. They were to have another two sons and four more daughters, two of whom died in childhood.

fowler_weddingThere is little record of his eleven years as village bobby, and it must have been a pleasant situation for him.

 

John Culmer, Deal Pilot

 

In July Noël Siver contacted me with information about her ancestor, John Culmer. I asked her to present an article, and here it is.

JOHN CULMER, 1627-1671

FACTS KNOWN ABOUT HIS LIFE

DATES

ADDRESSES

ACTIVITIES

SOURCES

1627?

Great Mongeham?

Kent

England

Born. He appears to have been the only child of JOHN CULMER and ELIZABETH KINGSFORD CULMER.

His father John CULMER, 1601-1649, mentioned in a 1633 probate account that he was living in Mongeham in 1626.

29 Sep 1627


St Martins,

Great Mongeham

Kent,

England.

John Culmer was baptised.

Church of England. Parish church of Great Mongeham (Kent). Archdeacon’s Transcripts, 1564-1812. Family History Library British Film 1751982, item 2.

Date not known

His mother died.

Date not known

His father remarried. His second wife was named Ann but her surname has not been identified.

Prerogative Court of Canterbury will. The National Archives, Kew, PROB 11/211, folio 377

Sept 1649

His father died on or shortly after 20 September 1649.

30 April 1650

His father’s Prerogative Court of Canterbury will was proved in London on 30 April 1650.

Prerogative Court of Canterbury will. The National Archives, Kew, PROB 11/211, folio 377

5 June 1650

Canterbury Cathedral

Canterbury 

Kent 

England 

He married JOAN MASEY, of London, in Canterbury Cathedral.

Hovenden, Robert, ed. The Register Book of Christninges, Marriages, and Burialls within the Precinct of the Cathedrall and Metropoliticall Church of Christe of Canterburie. London, 1878. p. 57.

23 Sept / 3 Oct 1651 

p. 110:

“86. Sept. 23rd/Oct 3, 1651.—BLAKE TO C.o.N.

[S.P. Dom. 18, xvii. 84.]

Gentlemen,—I have been petitioned by John Culmer of Deal wherein he set forth that there is moneys due to his late father for looking to and safe keeping of all such long-boats, pinnaces, as by disposal of weather or otherwise come ashore there, and since his decease he (as I am informed) hath taken upon himself the like charge for which he wants some allowance, upon evidence of a desire from yourselves to my late partner I find that you desired his opinion what might be fit to be allowed to the said John Culmer for his past service, as also what he may deserve for the future ; I am in part a stranger to this place yet according to the information I have, a person so entrusted is very often serviceable, I shall therefore recommend both him and his prayers to your consideration, not doubting but you will so far consider his deserts, as to give him such a reward as may be some way answerable ; which is all at present from

Your very affectionate servant

ROBERT BLAKE.

Entrance in the Downs

23 Sept. / 3 Oct. 51.“

Blake, Robert. The Letters of Robert Blake: Together with Supplementary Documents. Ed. by John Rowland Powell. Published by Printed for the Navy Records Society, 1937. 501 pages.

1651

“… Royal Navy riding in the Downs. The boats of these vessels would be often on shore, and it was necessary to have some place where they could be hauled up out of reach of the waves, and at times somebody was needed to take charge of them. Such services seem to have been rendered at first by natives of the place, and in 1651 we find a certain John Culmer of Deal petitioning Rob. Blake for money due to his late father and himself for taking charge of long boat and pinnaces. That the yard had been established for some time then appears evident from a report of 1652, that there were ‘no provisions in the stores.’…”

John Laker and Stephen Pritchard, History of Deal, 2nd ed., 1921, p. 346. 

1651

p. 128:   “A Court of Committees for the Fourth Joint Stock, October 15, 1651 (Court Book, vol. xxi, p. 140): … John Culmer, a pilot at Deal, petitions for satisfaction for a boat borrowed from his father at the return of Captain Steevens in the Eagle; he is promised 5l. down, and a similar sum if he will find the two great anchors and an old longboat which have been for many years buried in the beach before his door, the Company to pay all charges of their recovery, and the said boat, if not worth more than 40s., to be given to Culmer.“

East India Company. A Calendar of the Court Minutes, Etc. of the East India Company, 1650-1654. By Ethel Bruce Sainsbury. With an introduction and notes by William Foster. Oxford:   Clarendon press, 1913.

Deal

p. 175:

“INTRODUCTORY—(5) BLAKE AND DE WITH IN THE NORTH SEA

Two papers of minor importance occur, one thanking the Mayor of Sandwich for some charitable gift distributed to the fleet, and the other recommending John Culmer, the postmaster at Deal, for payment of several disbursements made by him for the use of the fleet.”

Blake, Robert. The Letters of Robert Blake: Together with Supplementary Documents. Ed. by John Rowland Powell. Published by Printed for the Navy Records Society, 1937. 501 pages.

1652

Deal

“485.   Oct. 14/24, 1652.—GENERAL BLAKE TO THE NAVY COMMISSIONERS

[Add. MSS. 9,300, fol. 201.]

Gentlemen,--The bearer hereof, John Culmer, hath presented unto me the enclosed paper containing several disbursements by him made for the use of the fleet as by the particulars will appear, desiring to be reimbursed of what he hath laid out. I caused the same to be examined by indifferent persons, officers of the fleet, who have given me satisfaction in reference to the justness thereof. I shall therefore recommend the business to you, and desire that you would, upon consideration of the premises, give order for the payment of what he hath disbursed, for to my own knowledge the man is daily in action for the fleet, and for all his pains has yet received no satisfaction.   Commending my hearty respects to you, I rest,

Your affectionate friend to serve you,

ROB. BLAKE.

Downs, October 14, 1652.”

Navy Records Society (Great Britain). Letters and papers relating to the First Dutch War, 1652-1654. Ed. by Samuel Rawson Gardiner. Vol. 2. Publications of the Navy Records Society, vol. 17. Published by Navy Records Society, 1900. p. 335.

The same letter is also published on pages 180-181 of Blake, Robert. The Letters of Robert Blake: Together with Supplementary Documents. Ed. by John Rowland Powell. Published by Printed for the Navy Records Society, 1937. 501 pages. 

17 Dec 1652

p. 213: “A Court of Committees, December 17, 1652 (Court Book, vol. xxiii, p. 201): …John Culmer to be paid 5l. 13s. 6d. for anchors he dug out of the beach.” 

East India Company. A Calendar of the Court Minutes, Etc. of the East India Company, 1650-1654. By Ethel Bruce Sainsbury. With an introduction and notes by William Foster. Oxford:   Clarendon press, 1913. 

1654

Deal

“…Culmer’s duties by 1654 included the victalling of ships in the Downs,…”

Laker, John. History of Deal. Deal: T. F. Pain & Sons, 1917. p. 346.

5 Nov 1654

St Leonard’s

Deal

Kent

England

His daughter Elizabeth was baptized.

Church of England. Parish church of Deal (Kent). Transcript of baptisms register, 1559-1720. Seen at Society of Genealogists, London. KE/R95.

11 Feb 1655/56

From: John Culmer, Deal.

To: Navy Comrs

“Desires order for the sale of some decayed boats lying upon the beach ; they are not worth repairing, and the room they occupy is wanted.”

References: 120
Great Britain. Public record office. Calendar of State Papers, Domestic Series, 1655-6 [during the Commonwealth], Preserved in the State Paper Department of Her Majesty's Public Record Office. Ed. by Mary Anne Everett Green. London: Longmans, Trübner, etc., 1882. p. 467. Seen on Google Books, 4 August 2012.
25 Feb 1655/56

From: John Culmer, Deal.

To: Navy Comrs

“Has sold the 7 decayed boats by the candle for 6l. 1s. 0d., and asks how to dispose of the money.”

References: 55
Great Britain. Public record office. Calendar of State Papers, Domestic Series, 1655-6 [during the Commonwealth], Preserved in the State Paper Department of Her Majesty's Public Record Office. Ed. by Mary Anne Everett Green. London: Longmans, Trübner, etc., 1882. p. 488. Seen on Google Books, 4 August 2012.

29 Feb 1655/56

The Naseby, Stoke’s Bay

Deal

“108. Generals Blake and Montague to Lord Lawrence, President of Council. Whilst we rode at anchor in the Downs, divers Deal pilots, for themselves and other inhabitants, applied to us for help, that the houses they have built on the beach at Deal may not be taken from them, but the sale stopped, or they allowed to be purchasers. They have showed us an order from a Parliament Committee which grants them favour therein.   We think it just to have the same continued, we send you their address and the order, that you may consider what should be done. [1 page.]   Annexing,

Great Britain. Public record office. Calendar of State Papers, Domestic Series, 1655-6 [during the Commonwealth] ...: Preserved in the State Paper Department of Her Majesty's Public Record Office. Ed. by Mary Anne Everett Green. London: Longmans, Trübner, etc., 1882. Vol. 124. pp. 204-205

“108. I. Petition of Rich. Estis, John Culmer, Step. Peirce, and Thos. Scarlet, pilots, and the seamen, seamen's widows, and other inhabitants of Deal, to the Generals now riding in the Downs. We have erected at our own cost houses on the beach waste ground, not worth 2s. an acre, that we might serve the navy and merchant ships, but our houses were surveyed in 1650, and returned as built on the waste of Court Ash Manor, Deal, late part of the Archbishop of Canterbury’s possessions ; they were contracted for to be sold, but by favour of the Committee of the then Parliament, the sale was obstructed. We find they are now again on sale, to our utter ruin, and therefore beg you to interpose for us to his Highness and Council, that the sale may be respited till next Parliament, or we permitted to purchase the 11 acres of ground at the highest rate of any land sold thereabouts, or that the whole matter may be referred to Maj.-Gen. Kelsey, Lieutenant of Dover Castle. [1 page.]

This passage was also published in John Laker and Stephen Pritchard, History of Deal, 2nd ed., 1921, p. 48.

Another related passage was published on p. 346 of the same book.

“108. II. Order in the Committee of Parliament for Obstructions, that stay be made of leasing or selling the said houses at Deal till report has been made thereon to Parliament, or further order given. 21 Feb. 1650-1]. [Copy, 1/2 page.]

“108. III. Report thereon by Sir Wm. Roberts, Thos. Ayres, Edw. Cressett, and John Blackwell, on a reference from the Protector. The lands and buildings belonging to the late Archbishop of Canterbury, worth 364l. a year, are the chief security of debts due to lenders on the credit of Bishops’ lands, amounting to 222,909l. 19s. 6d., besides what is unpaid of the first and second 1/2 for lands already sold, for which the Excise pays 8 per cent. interest. We therefore thought it our duty to sell them,—the Committee for Obstructions and the Parliament of which they were members being dissolved,—but the purchase is only in treaty, and nothing concluded. Excise Office, Broad Street, 2 May 1656. [1 page.]”

12 Aug 1656

From: Adm. Com.

To: Navy Com

“Order to examine the reason why Mr. Culmer, who furnished the state’s ships with ballast from Deal, cannot receive payment from Mr. White as formerly, and to give order for his satisfaction.”

References: Vol. 170.55

Great Britain. Public Record Office. Calendar of State Papers. Domestic Series, of the Reign of Charles II: 1660-[1685]. vol. 11, p. 408. Seen on Google Books, 10 Sept 2009. 

21 Feb 1656/57

St Leonard’s

Deal

Kent 

England 

His daughter Margaret was baptized.

Church of England. Parish church of Deal (Kent). Transcript of baptisms register, 1559-1720. Seen at Society of Genealogists, London. KE/R95.

15 Feb 1657/8

The Assistance,

Downs.

“72. Capt Wm. Whitehorn to the Admiralty Commissioners. … Last Saturday Mr. Culmer, having provided boats, with some boats and men from several ships here, recovered 16 guns from the Princess Maria, whereof 3 are from the lower tier, so that there are 19 saved ; if the weather proves fair, no labour shall be wanting to get the rest. The boatswain of the Speaker is intrusted with the management of the business, and has taken much pains therein.…”

Great Britain. Public Record Office. Calendar of State Papers. Domestic Series, of the Reign of Charles II: 1660-[1685]. vol. 11, pp. 289-290. Seen on Google Books, 10 Sept 2009. 

15 July 1657

Deal

The item in this catalogue appears to be a letter by John Culmer “Written to the ‘Agent for ye State at Deal,’ desiring him to ‘send aboard ye Dover frigte, twenty ton of Ballast wth all possible speed for the Service of ye State.’ Etc.”

Maggs Brothers Catalogue

Published by Maggs Bros., 1922

Item notes: no.421-425 1922. p. 190. 

7 Aug 1657

From: John Pitt, Naseby, Downs.

To: Navy Comrs

“… also a fish from the Assistance, sent to Deal at the urgent want of an East Indiaman outward bound, but for which the commander satisfied Mr. Culmer of Deal.”

References: Vol. 170.38.”

Great Britain. Public Record Office. Calendar of State Papers. Domestic Series, of the Reign of Charles II: 1660-[1685]. vol. 11, p. 406. Seen on Google Books, 10 Sept 2009. 

17 Aug 1656 (should be 1657)

From: Thos. White, Dover.

To: Navy Com

“The reasons why he has not paid Mr. Culmer of Deal for supplying the State’s ships with ballast are that he knew of nothing being due, having paid him for ballasting the London and Princess Maria, which were the 2 last ships.

References: Vol. 170.85.

Great Britain. Public Record Office. Calendar of State Papers. Domestic Series, of the Reign of Charles II: 1660-[1685]. vol. 11, p. 411. Seen on Google Books, 10 Sept 2009.

21 Aug 1657

From: Gen. E. Montagu, Naseby, Downs.

To: Navy Comrs

“Recommends Mr. Culmer of Deal for an increase of salary for his services there, he being at some charge in finding capstans, ropes, and storehouses, and at greater trouble than formerly, for which he has but 10l. a years, whereas 20 marks were before allowed, and a new crab rope.”

References: Vol. 170.106.

Great Britain. Public Record Office. Calendar of State Papers. Domestic Series, of the Reign of Charles II: 1660-[1685]. vol. 11, p. 413. Seen on Google Books, 10 Sept 2009. 

31 Aug 1657

From: General E. Montague, Jno. Pitt, Roger Cuttance, Capt. Robt. Clarke.

To: Jno. Culmer, Agent, Deal.

“Requests for supplies of ballast to various ships named, 21 July to 25 Aug. With sundry receipts for the same. [24 papers].

References: Vol. 170.157-181.

Great Britain. Public Record Office. Calendar of State Papers. Domestic Series, of the Reign of Charles II: 1660-[1685]. vol. 11, p. 418. Seen on Google Books, 10 Sept 2009. 

29 Sept 1657

From: E. Hayward, Chatham.

To: Robt. Blackborne.

“About 12 months since, had Mr. Culmer’s charge of the State’s provisions at Deal, and since then an additional charge from several ships and frigates ; having compared them with his remains, and deliveries, according to order, finds all things fair, so far as he is able to inspect his trust ; but as he before hinted, if the men were not honest, he might sometimes charge or not charge himself as he pleased ; as for example, ships are going for the West Indies or the Straits, and leave boats or other things behind in the Downs, and if this or that ship miscarry at sea, or be so long abroad that it be forgotten, it cannot be known to himself, or any other clerk of the survey, till Mr. Culmer tells them ; hopes he is not guilty.

References: Vol.171.109”

Great Britain. Public Record Office. Calendar of State Papers. Domestic Series, of the Reign of Charles II: 1660-[1685]. vol. 11, p. 427. Seen on Google Books, 10 Sept 2009. 

10 Jan 1657/8

From: Capt. Wm. Whitehorn, Deal.

To: Navy Comrs

“Went on shore on the 5th inst. with Sir Rich. Stayner and Capt. Ames, and with the aid of 2 carpenters, surveyed the boats, and found that 5 may be serviceable, and 7 not ; those east not being worth above 7l., it would be best to order Mr. Culmer to sell them by inch of candle. The wind having come up at N.E. and E.N.E., they have been forced ever since to stay on shore, to their great trouble, but all the ships have hitherto rode it out very well.

References: Vol. 187.49”

Great Britain. Public Record Office. Calendar of State Papers. Domestic Series, of the Reign of Charles II: 1660-[1685]. vol. 11, p. 506. Seen on Google Books, 10 Sept 2009. 

9 Feb 1657/8

From: Sir Rich. Stayner, the London, Downs.

To: Adm. Com.

“The Princess Maria being old and very weak, she soon bulged and filled, and went down. They have saved what stores they could ; has ordered his boatswain and Mr. Culmer to take an account thereof ; thinks Mr. White of Dover should agree with the savers for their trouble.…

References: Vol. 188.56.”

Great Britain. Public Record Office. Calendar of State Papers. Domestic Series, of the Reign of Charles II: 1660-[1685]. vol. 11, p. 523. Seen on Google Books, 10 Sept 2009. 

13 Feb 1657/8

From: Thos. White, Dover

To: Adm. Com.

“The men belonging to the Cornelian have all recovered save 3, and there are now 30 able men, besides those the captain thinks of discharging, and Sir Rich. Stayner having sent order to fit her out, will do so with speed. Went to Sir Richard at Deal, who appointed Mr. Culmer to join him in going from house to house in Deal to search for things brought on shore from the Princess Maria ; he also allowed a sixth for salvage to the men ; after he had taken horse for London, went to Capt. Whitehorn for instructions.…

References: Vol. 188.84”

Great Britain. Public Record Office. Calendar of State Papers. Domestic Series, of the Reign of Charles II: 1660-[1685]. vol. 11, p. 527. Seen on Google Books, 10 Sept 2009. 

17 Feb 1657/8

From: Thos. White, Dover

To: Adm. Com.

“Sir Rich. Stayner appointed Jno. Culmer, of Deal, to join him in finding goods saved from the Princess Maria, and to agree with the men for salvage ; has been round the Isle of Thanet, and found some things of little value, the ship’s masts being cut overboard, every man took what he could, so cannot say that they have found one whole piece, as it stood in the ship, one boat having caught hold of one end and another boat the other, and each cut what they could carry. Sends an inventory of what was found at Deal, Ramsgate, &c., which, besides the guns, may be worth 800l., of which they have allowed the men 1/6th for salvage. …

References: Vol. 188.103, 104”

Great Britain. Public Record Office. Calendar of State Papers. Domestic Series, of the Reign of Charles II: 1660-[1685]. vol. 11, p. 529. Seen on Google Books, 10 Sept 2009. 

1 Mar 1657/8

From: Jno. Culmer, Deal

To: Navy Comrs

“He and Mr. White have recovered what they could belonging to the Princess Maria, and settled the salvage. Desires order to sell some old boats, as they take up so much room.

References: Vol. 189.4.”

Great Britain. Public Record Office. Calendar of State Papers. Domestic Series, of the Reign of Charles II: 1660-[1685]. vol. 11, p. 537. Seen on Google Books, 10 Sept 2009. 

19 April 1658

From: Capt. Wm. Whitehorn, the London, Downs.

To: Navy Comrs

“…Mr. Culmer desires order for the sale by inch of candle of a quantity of old and useless boats. The pilots being about to erect a gallery to look to seaboard at all times, which will be serviceable to themselves, as also to the public, desire the gift of the topmast formerly belonging to the Sovereign, which was disabled by shot in the Dutch war.

References: Vol. 190.38.”

Great Britain. Public Record Office. Calendar of State Papers. Domestic Series, of the Reign of Charles II: 1660-[1685]. vol. 11, p. 546. Seen on Google Books, 10 Sept 2009. 

20 Aug 1659

Deal

His daughter MARY was born.

Church of England. Parish church of Deal (Kent). Transcript of baptisms register, 1559-1720. Seen at Society of Genealogists, London. KE/R95.

4 Sept 1659

St Leonard’s

Deal

Kent 

England 

His daughter MARY was baptized.

Church of England. Parish church of Deal (Kent). Transcript of baptisms register, 1559-1720. Seen at Society of Genealogists, London. KE/R95.

18 Dec 1661 69. Sir John Mennes to Sir Willm. Batten. His fleet has been much damaged by the foul weather. Begs reimbursement for Mr. Coomer [sic], who advanced money for the needful repairs, and was the means of saving the Hopewell, by going to her when she lay beating on the break. He also paid for deals to partition off the cabins for the officers. [Adm. Paper.]

Great Britain. Public Record Office. Calendar of State Papers, Domestic Series, of the Reign of Charles II. 1661-1662. Ed. by Mary Anne Everett Green. London: Longman, Green, Longman, & Roberts, 1861.

p. 183. Seen on Google Books, 6 August 2012.

5 Oct 1662

St Leonard’s

Deal

Kent 

England 

His daughter Joanna was baptized.

Church of England. Parish church of Deal (Kent). Transcript of baptisms register, 1559-1720. Seen at Society of Genealogists, London. KE/R95.

Wed., 10 June 1663

Vol. 1, p. 114: “Muddy rainy weather, the wind westerly. The King’s pleasure boat passed by for Calais to fetch my Lord Mandevill. He saluted 5 guns, we answered 3. I sent a letter to Jamaica directed to Sir George Littleton4 by Mr Horsman, master of the John and Dorothy, Capt. Swanley not being to be found in the Downs, my pinnace having sought for him. Mr Commer [Culmer] dined and desired me to write to the Principal Officers about old boats which lay in the way for other boats to heave by them.”

Allin, Thomas. The Journals of Sir Thomas Allin, 1660-1678. Published by Navy Records Society (Great Britain). 2 vols. 

21 Mar 1664/65

Deal

p. 264: “Vol. CXV. 65. [Letter from] John Culmer to Sir John Mennes. Offers to convert two long boats in his possession into water boats, for the use of the fleet. [Adm. Paper.]”

Great Britain. Public Record Office.

Calendar of State Papers. Domestic Series, of the Reign of Charles II: 1660-[1685] Ed. by Mary Anne Everett (Wood) Green, Francis Lawrance Bickley, Company of Merchants of England Trading to the Levant, Great Britain Admiralty

Published by H.M. Stationery Office, 1863.

Item notes: 1664-65

p. 264.

Found on Google Books. Original from the University of Michigan. Digitized Jun 13, 2008 

22 Mar 1664/5

Vol. 1, p. 217: “… About 6 in the morning came Capt Lloyd aboard with a letter from Mr Coventry for the carrying this fleet for Harwich to repair and complete, upon which I went ashore to enquire for pilots, but found that the main fleet had taken them all along with them. Advised with Mr Commer4 and Capt Poole how to get some; they advised me to write to the Mayor of Sandwich to send those he had in the town and also to send to Ramsgate and Broadstairs. …”

Allin, Thomas. The Journals of Sir Thomas Allin, 1660-1678. Publications of the Navy Records Society.

Published by Navy Records Society (Great Britain). 2 vols.

Footnote 4 = “Probably the John Culmer of Deal mentioned in Cal. S.P. Dom., 1664/5.”

Friday, 28 April 1665

Vol. 1, p. 224: “…I sent my cousin Nathaniel Ashby home in a Ramsgate ketch Mr Commer [Culmer] hath part of and gave him a week’s victuals and £3 5s. in money. He set sail at 9 at night.…”

Allin, Thomas. The Journals of Sir Thomas Allin, 1660-1678. Publications of the Navy Records Society.

Published by Navy Records Society (Great Britain). 2 vols. 

1665

St Leonard’s

Deal

Kent 

England 

John Culmer was a church warden

Church of England. Parish church of Deal (Kent). St Leonard parish records, 1665. Seen at Canterbury Cathedral Archives. U3/95/•.

1665

Deal

“Another important duty of Culmer’s was to provide the fleet with water. In 1665 the Earl of Sandwich advised the Admiralty to station two long boats at Deal for this purpose, and Culmer fitted two of his up as water-boats. Culmer, too, was responsible for the sweeping of the roadstead. In this me seems to have been the direct successor of Rands and Hudson, who in 1615 were re-engaged by the Admiralty to keep the roadstead free of obstructions. Culmer’s plan was to engage Deal boatmen to sweep, and to recompense them according to their success.”

Laker, John. History of Deal. Deal: T. F. Pain & Sons, 1917. p. 346.

10 Dec 1665

Deal

Kent 

England 

p. 94: “80. John Culmer to Sam. Pepys. Has brought ashore all cables and anchors left in the Downs, and paid the men for their trouble ; cannot find those lost by the Paul ; thinks the buoy must have sunk. Particulars of stores in charge. [Adm. Paper.] Encloses,

80. I. Receipt by Capt. John Earle and two others from John Culmer, for a decayed boat formerly belonging to the Briar, appraised at 2l. 10s.           Deal, Nov. 25, 1665.

80. II. Names of seven ships whose anchors and cables, left in the Downs or elsewhere, have been secured and brought ashore by John Culmer, from Oct. 8 to Nov. 20, 1665.” 

Great Britain. Public Record Office.

Calendar of State Papers. Domestic Series, of the Reign of Charles II: 1660-[1685] Ed. by Mary Anne Everett (Wood) Green, Francis Lawrance Bickley, Company of Merchants of England Trading to the Levant, Great Britain Admiralty

Published by H.M. Stationery Office, 1864.

Item notes: 1665-66

p. 94.

Found on Google Books. Original from the University of Michigan. Digitized Jun 13, 2008 

10 May 1666

p. 390: “93. II. Account of loans to the Loyal Subject from Chatham, from Nov. 14, 1665, to April 23, 1666 ; with note that the long boat was left with Mr. Culmer of Deal, by one of the great ships, and by him delivered to the Hampshire, and afterwards lent to the Loyal Subject.”

Great Britain. Public Record Office. Calendar of State Papers. Domestic Series, of the Reign of Charles II: 1660-[1685], p. 390

20 Nov 1666

Deal

Kent 

England 

“143. John Culmer to Sir Thos. Allin. Has been with his great boat and men, and with the Drake and Sir Thomas’s pink, to Dungeness, where the ship let slip [her anchor, &c.], but cannot see any buoy, nor is it any use to sweep for lost anchors and cables, except a man has marks, they lying at such a depth.   [Adm. Paper.]”

Great Britain. Public Record Office. Calendar of State Papers. Domestic Series, of the Reign of Charles II: 1660-[1685]. vol. 5, p. 274. Seen on Google Books, 10 Sept 2009. 

20 Nov 1666

Deal

Kent 

England 

“144. John Culmer to Sir Wm. Batten. To the same effect. Thinks it a thousand to one if the anchors are ever met with. Sir Thos. Allin’s pink is returned from the Downs.”

Great Britain. Public Record Office. Calendar of State Papers. Domestic Series, of the Reign of Charles II: 1660-[1685]. vol. 5, p. 274. Seen on Google Books, 10 Sept 2009. 

23 Oct 1667

“A COURT OF COMMITTEES, OCTOBER 23, 1667 (Court Book, vol. xxvi, p. 96). 

…John Culmer to be paid 15l. for piloting the Return, having attended her at least two months and been at great charge for a boat and pilot to sail in advance and give notice of the dangers in ‘the Narrow’, the buoys being then not laid.”
East India Company. A Calendar of the Court Minutes Etc. of the East India Company, 1664-1667. By Ethel Bruce Sainsbury. With an introduction and notes by Sir William Foster. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1925. p. 388. Seen at UC Berkeley library, 13 August 2012.z
31 Dec 1667

“Capt. Jeremiah Crawley, of the Francis, to the Navy Commissioners. Lost 2 anchors and a cable ; Mr. Coomer, of Deal, who has supplied him with an anchor, thinks both anchors might be found by the buoys. With note that the surveyor is ordered to look after them. [Ibid. No. 211.]

Great Britain. Public Record Office. Calendar of State Papers, Domestic Series, November 1667 to September 1668. Ed. by Mary Ann Everett Green. London: Her Majesty’s Stationery Office, 1893. p. 106. Seen at UC Berkeley library, 8 August 2012

19 Nov 1668

The Downs

p. 70:   “Certificate by Capt. Rich. Country, that he was put from his anchors in the Downs by an Ostend man-of-war, and forced to have John Culmer’s boat and men for 3 days, to save the anchors. [S.P. Dom., Car. II. 249, No. 126.]” 

Great Britain. Public record office. Calendar of State Papers, Domestic Series, October 1668 to December 1669. Preserved in the State Paper Department of Her Majesty’s Public Record Office. Ed. by Mary Anne Everett (Wood) Green. London: Published by H.M. Stationery Office, 1894.

8 Feb 1668 The Coronation “Capt. John Berry to the Navy Commissioners. Weighed anchor under the conduct of [John] Culmer, pilot, but the ship would not steer, from a defect in her rudder. Sir Edw. Spragg has promised a frigate to assist in towing her up to Woolwich. the want of a boat and other things renders him in a bad condition, but shall prosecute his Royal Highness’s order to go to Woolwich. [S.P. Dom., Car. II. 234, No. 106.]” Great Britain. Public Record Office. Calendar of State Papers. Domestic Series, November 1667 to September 1668. Ed. by Mary Ann Everett Green. London: Her Majesty’s Stationery Office, 1893. p. 221. Seen at UC Berkeley library, 8 August 2012.

16 Dec 1668

A letter was sent to John Culmer by John Prowd of the East India Company in London. It contained a letter addressed to the Right Honorable John Maytsuyecker, General for the Netherlands East India Company in Batavia. John Culmer was asked to deliver it to one of the commanders of the “Holland ships” then in the Downs bound for India.

East India Company Letter Book 4 – 1666 to 1672 (Ref: IOR/E/3/Folio 208). Seen on microfilm at the India Office, The British Library, London.

Has this been renumbered? See E/3/87 f 104v

25 Mar 1669

Deal

p. 249:   “John Culmer to Col. Thos. Middleton. I have swept an anchor in the Downs of 30 cwt, with 50 fathoms of cable, which I judge was lost by the Dreadnought, and have satisfied the boatmen for their pains. Pray remember me in the former business I troubled you with. [Ibid. No. 187.]

Great Britain. Public record office. Calendar of State Papers, Domestic Series, October 1668 to December 1669. Preserved in the State Paper Department of Her Majesty’s Public Record Office. Ed. by Mary Anne Everett (Wood) Green. London: Published by H.M. Stationery Office, 1894.

7 Dec 1669

“SAMUEL SAMBROOKE TO JOHN CULMER, DECEMBER 7, 1699 (Letter Book, vol. iv, p. 283).

Sends, by order of the Governor, Sir William Thomson, six letters which are to be delivered to the commanders of the six ships bound for India as soon as they come into the Downs. Culmer is to tell the commanders that their dispatches from the Company will be with them immediately. His care in this will be acknowledged and his expenses paid. (1/4 p.)”

East India Company. A Calendar of the Court Minutes Etc. of the East India Company, 1668-1670. By Ethel Bruce Sainsbury. With an introduction and notes by W[illiam] T[homas] Ottewill. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1929. p. 281. Seen at UC Berkeley library, 8 August 2012.

7 Dec 1669 Has the following letter been renumbered? See E/3/87 f 142

9 Dec 1669

A letter was sent to John Culmer by Samuel Sambrooks of the East India Company in London. It contained six letters to be delivered to the commanders of six ships bound for India.

East India Company Letter Book 4 – 1666 to 1672 (Ref: IOR/E/3/Folio 283). Seen on microfilm at the India Office, The British Library, London.

8 Feb 1670

Margate

Kent

England

“John Culmer to Col. Middleton. I have satisfied the men at Margate for weighing the anchor and cable left in Westgate Bay by the Anne yacht, and have sent them up with the buoy, ropes, and topsail yard, and paid the carriage, an account of which I will give when I come up. [Ibid. No. 99.]” Great Britain. Public Record Office. Calendar of State Papers, Domestic Series, 1670. With Addenda, 1660 to 1670. Ed. by Mary Anne Everett Green. London: Printed for Her Majesty’s Stationery Office, by Eyre and Spottiswoode, 1895. p. 58. Seen on Google Books, 6 August 2012.
 

 

   
10 Feb 1670

Deal

Kent

England

“John Culmer to the Navy Commissioners. To the same effect as his letter to Col. Thos. Middleton of 8 Feb. [Ibid. No. 104.] Great Britain. Public Record Office. Calendar of State Papers, Domestic Series, 1670. With Addenda, 1660 to 1670. Ed. by Mary Anne Everett Green. London: Printed for Her Majesty’s Stationery Office, by Eyre and Spottiswoode, 1895. p. 62. Seen on Google Books, 6 August 2012.
10 June 1670

Deal

“79. Balthazar St Michel to Samuel Pepys

For his Majesty’s Service.

To the Honourable Samuel Pepys Esquire at the Navy Office

In Seething Lane, these. London.

Deal

11 June 1670

Honoured Sir

This comes humbly to acquaint you that yesterday sailed out of the Downs the Falcon and Speedwell (bound for the River Thames), and that I have a perfect muster-book from the Purser of the Falcon now, who brought it me ashore according to promise and I am a preparing them to be sent to your office within this two days which I hope will be time enough for the ships before they be paid off.

Yesterday there came into the Downs a Dutch pleasure boat with a pennant above her anchent which when I saw (walking upon the beach with Mr Coulmer) I said to Mr Coulmer, ‘let you and I go on board her, and see what she doth here’. So we went and found on board two or three brave gallants amongst whom (as he said) the Dutch ambassador’s brother whose pleasure boat this was. He kindly entertained us with a bottle of wine, and told us he came for pleasure to see all along the coast, saying he had been at Dover, and that after he had been ashore at Deale, he would go to Sandwich, from thence to, and through all the creeks and view Sheerness, and Chatham and then to London; and would if he could (he said) sail his boat for £100 with any of the King’s pleasure boats. I having nothing more of news to present you with, (with all our most humble duties: respects, and services to you) I remain

Your Most faithful and obedient servant

B ST MICHEL”

The Letters of Samuel Pepys, 1656–1703. Woodbridge: Boydell Press, 2006. Pp. 87–88.

http://www.pepysdiary.com/letters/1670/06/11/st-michel-to-pepys/

21 June 1670 Deal

“B. St. Michel to the Navy Commissioners.

I assisted Mr. Culmer is getting all the old boats appraised, and they have since been sold to the parties named in Culmer’s letter. [Ibid. No. 101.]

Great Britain. Public Record Office. Calendar of State Papers, Domestic Series, 1670. With Addenda, 1660 to 1670. Ed. by Mary Anne Everett Green. London: Printed for Her Majesty’s Stationery Office, by Eyre and Spottiswoode, 1895. p. 288. Seen on Google Books, 6 August 2012.

11 Jan 1670/71

Deal

Kent 

England 

p. 29:   [1670/71] “Jan: 11th: 60 names in this final list with four pilots. Mr: Edwd: Smith—searcher, Mr: Stones—churchwarden, Capt: Jnº poole, and Mr: Hen: Knighte give 5s each. Four contributors are described as servants, and one as spinster. The names Diggers and Scruggs, with Cawill and Woodriffe, appear for the first time. Seven names from the end Tho: Stone, the churchwarden, signs. The list is closed by the signatures of John Jenkin, Willm: Horne and John Culmer.”

Stebbing, W. P. D., “Briefs in St. Leonard’s and St. George’s parishes in Deal in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries,” Archaeologia Cantiana, 57 (1944) pp. 26-33. 

24 Jan 1671

Foresight

Downs 

“Capt. John Hayward to the Navy Commissioners. I ask for a supply of provisions, having but one week’s victuals on board. I have acquainted Mr. Wren therewith. I received the cable from Deptford and also two others, an anchor and other things from Mr. Colmer. We were very badly cabled before, and now want cordage and other things, but I suppose it will not be long before they are ordered in. A ship from the Canaries reports that the fleet there would be ready to sail within ten days after her departure, which was 25 December. [S.P. Dom., Car. II. 296, No. 67.]

Great Britain. Public Record Office.

Calendar of State Papers. Domestic Series, of the Reign of Charles II: 1660-[1685] Ed. by Mary Anne Everett (Wood) Green, Francis Lawrance Bickley, Company of Merchants of England Trading to the Levant, Great Britain Admiralty

Published by H.M. Stationery Office, 1895.

Item notes: 1671

p. 44.

Found on Google Books. Original from the University of Michigan. Digitized Jun 13, 2008 

8 Feb 1671

“A COURT OF COMMITTEES, FEBRUARY 8, 1671 (Ibid., p. 195).

Culmer, pilot at Deal, to be presented with a silver tankard to the value of 10l., engraved with the arms of the Company, as a gratuity for constant and ready service.”

Ibid. = Court Book, vol. xxvii

East India Company. A Calendar of the Court Minutes, Etc. of the East India Company, 1671-1673. By Ethel Bruce Sainsbury. With an introduction and notes by W[illiam] T[homas] Ottewill. Oxford: Clarendon press, 1932. p. 12. Seen at UC Berkeley library, 8 August 2012.

15 March 1671

“A COURT OF COMMITTEES, MARCH 15, 1671 (Court Book, vol. xxvii, p. 212).

A warrant to be made out for payment to John Culmer for a bill of exchange drawn by Thomas Fitch, purser in the London, and for provisions for the said ship, and order is given for the account of the said Fitch to be examined and reported.”

East India Company. A Calendar of the Court Minutes, Etc. of the East India Company, 1671-1673. By Ethel Bruce Sainsbury. With an introduction and notes by W[illiam] T[homas] Ottewill. Oxford: Clarendon press, 1932. p. 20. Seen at UC Berkeley library, 8 August 2012.

27 Aug 1671

Deal

Kent 

England 

He orally declared his last will and testament in the presence of Deal surgeon Elnathan Hannam, his aunt widow Martha Culmer Jackson and widow Jane Savage of Deal. He appointed his uncle George Culmer and his uncle John Jenkins overseers of his will.

Consistory Court of Canterbury will. DCb, PRC 32, Book 54, folio 669.

28 Aug 1671

John Culmer died at age 44.

His date of death appears on his gravestone in the churchyard of St Martin’s, Great Mongeham. Seen by NGS on 21 July 2012.

30 Aug 1671

St Martin’s

Great Mongeham

Kent 

England 

He was buried in the churchyard of St Martin’s, Great Mongeham, Kent on 30 August 1671

Church of England. Parish church of Great Mongeham (Kent).

ST. MARTIN'S CHURCH GREAT MONGEHAM GRAVESTONES

CULMER John, 44,                August 16, 1671,      Pilot, also his wife

CULMER Joane

and their 4 daughters

CULMER Elizabeth

CULMER Margaret

CULMER Mary

CULMER Johanna

His date of burial in this source is not correct. His nuncupative will was orally declared on 27 August 1671. He appears to have been buried in this churchyard on 30 August 1671.

http://www.greatmongehamsociety.co.uk/great-mongeham-history/church-gravestone-inscriptions.html

3 Sept 1671

Deal

p. 466: “B. St. Michel to the Navy Commissioners. I will, in a few days, demand from Mrs. Culmer the stores under her husband’s charge at his death, and give you an account of them. [S.P. Dom., Car. II. 300, No. 5.]”

Great Britain. Public Record Office.

Calendar of State Papers. Domestic Series, of the Reign of Charles II: 1660-[1685] Ed. by Mary Anne Everett (Wood) Green, Francis Lawrance Bickley, Company of Merchants of England Trading to the Levant, Great Britain Admiralty 

Published by H.M. Stationery Office, 1895.

Item notes: 1671

p. 466.

Found on Google Books. Original from the University of Michigan. Digitized Jun 13, 2008 

12 Sept 1671

p. 478: “Johanna, widow of John Coomer, deceased, to the same [the Navy Commissioners]. Petition, requesting that her late husband’s employment as storekeeper at Deal may be continued to her, she having storehouses, crabs, and boats, convenient for the purpose. [S.P. Dom., Car. II. 300, No. 24.]”

Great Britain. Public Record Office.

Calendar of State Papers. Domestic Series, of the Reign of Charles II: 1660-[1685] Ed. by Mary Anne Everett (Wood) Green, Francis Lawrance Bickley, Company of Merchants of England Trading to the Levant, Great Britain Admiralty 

Published by H.M. Stationery Office, 1895.

Item notes: 1671

p. 478.

Found on Google Books. Original from the University of Michigan. Digitized Jun 13, 2008 

22 Sept 1671

A copy of his orally declared will was signed by the witnesses on this date.

Consistory Court of Canterbury will. DCb, PRC 32, Book 54, folio 669.

28 Oct 1671

His Consistory Court of Canterbury will was proved on 28 October 1671

Consistory Court of Canterbury will. DCb, PRC 32, Book 54, folio 669.

12 Jan 1673/74

Probate account composed by his widow Joane Culmer—to be transcribed.

CULMER, John, pilot, d. 1671. Probate Account. Seen at Centre for Kentish Studies, Maidstone. PRC20/12/73

Page lxix: “John Culmer had borrowed from George Hulke and Richard Hobbs,…”

Index to the Probate Accounts of England and Wales, by Peter Spufford, Matthew Brett, Amy Louise Erickson, Jacqueline Bower, British Record Society, Nesta Evans - Reference - 1999 - 714 pages

1697

His youngest daughter, Johanna, wife of Thomas Lilly, appears to have initiated an inheritance dispute over his estate. A document entitled Lilly v. Warren (A) 1697 was seen and transcribed at The National Archives, Kew, England. Ref. No. C7/210/79.

The National Archives, Kew, England. Ref. No. C7/210/79. The reference was found in Inheritance Disputes Index, 1574-1714. Seen on www.originsnetwork.com .

Compiled by his descendant Noël Siver

siverspace2004@yahoo.ie

Find this item:

Maggs Brothers Catalogues

Published by Maggs Bros., 1913

Item notes: 313-317 (1913)

Page 127: Etc. 3621 SANDWICH (Edward Montague, 1st Earl of, 1625-1672). Admiral and General at Sea. LS to Mr. John Culmer. i page, 4to. ...

http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=82654&strquery=Culmer

Calendar of Treasury Books, vol. 8. William A. Shaw, editor. 1923.

September 1688, Out Letters (General) XI, p. 440, Sept. 24

“Same to the Auditors of Imprests to surcharge Philip Burton, esq., solicitor of the Treasury, with 200 l. received by him from me [Guy] 1686-7, Mar. 19, towards the composition of a debt of Mr. Edward Randall [Randolph], Surveyor of Boston in New England, due from him to Mris. Joane Culmer, ‘in which suite the said Mr. Burton was bail, by direction of the Treasury Lords, for said Randall.’ Per contra you are to allow said Burton in his account 130 l. by him paid to Capt. Thomas Warren for the use of said Joane Culmer, together with his expenses in said suit.”

 

The Bass Family in Great Mongeham

 The village has seen many families come and go. Some long established families have their latest generation still living in or nearby the village. Some, like the Crayfords, are with us for several centuries before disappearing from village records. Some are resident for just a couple of generations and are gone. One such family is the Bass family. John Bass was a victualler who lived in Sholden. In 1817 he Map_of_Bass_holdingsbought Street Meadow from Thomas Stokes for £225. The meadow is shown on the map.
   

Migration to Australia : the Barwick Family Story

 

 

altFollowing on from the article on Poverty in Great Mongeham Helen Barwick Middleditch has written about the migration of her own ancestors to Tasmania. The photograph shows her great grandfather. 

 

 

In 1836 the two eldest sons of Anne (Graves, b. 1784) and Joseph (b. 1783) were given the opportunity to escape the poverty in which they lived and to emigrate. Perhaps they had been considering it for some time, but they would have believed it beyond their wildest dreams: the fare was £20 for an adult, with Bounty advances available to pay the fare, but there were few takers, as for most labourers £20 was a year’s wages and it would be impossible to repay the advance. Then the unheard of happened – the government was offering free passage.
 

Poverty in the Village

3_Horseshoes_about_1950

The Welfare State as we know it today has evolved over a great many generations, and current debates and practices concerning poverty echo through the centuries.   Migration was often seen as the solution, and families or individuals left Great Mongeham to seek a better life. Some migrated to other parts of the UK while others went to the United States, Australia or Canada. There is a whole branch of the Barwick clan in Australia. This article refers to the families of William Parker and J. Camwell who migrated to the U.S.A. Unfortunately I have no information of these or other families after they left the village. If you are a descendent of these or other migrant families to destinations either here or overseas, please let me know your story via the 'Contact Us' section.

   

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